MPA Profile


The Raja Ampat Marine Protected Area (MPA) Network is located at the north-west end of Indonesia's West Papuan province, right in the heart of the Coral Triangle - the global epicenter of marine biodiversity. Hosting over 70% of all known coral species, and more species of fish than any other area of the same size in the world, including many endemic species, Raja Ampat is undoubtedly the heart of tropical marine biodiversity. 

These rich waters provide a source of income and livelihoods for more than 40,000 people spread across 135 villages, as well as providing protection and shelter for the community during tropical storms.

Local communities in Raja Ampat have very strong cultural links and traditional ownership rights over their territory of both land and coral reefs. The legal framework already includes a mandate for long-term protection and management of these islands.

As a conservation area, the Raja Ampat Regency deems it important to manage the area professionally and sustainably for the preservation of the surrounding environment. This effort was commenced with a pioneering Technical Management Authority (UPTD) within the Department of Marine and Fisheries of Raja Ampat.

One of the UPTD's strategy to ensure financial sustainability of marine protected areas in Raja Ampat, was the implementation of a Regional Public Service Agency (BLUD), which allows the agency to flexibly use non-tax government revenues generated by tariff charges to cover management costs. The committment of this management unit is secured under the Raja Ampat Regent Decree No. 61 of 2014. This is the first and only conservation area in Indonesia to implement the BLUD system.

Efforts undertaken include zone regulations, zonation patrols, increasing public conservation awareness, encouraging sustainable tourism activities and increasing the economic benefits of conservation for local communities. These efforts require huge funding and can not be fully supported by the Raja Ampat government's financing capacity. 

With the financial mechanism of the Public Service Agency (BLUD), the Raja Ampat district government can, via the UPTD, ensure management of the conservation area that is effective, efficient and professional to secure environmental protection and the satisfaction of tourists who can enjoy the natural beauty of Raja Ampat's marine protected areas.


Dampier Strait MPA

Dampier Strait Marine Protected Area (MPA) geographically consists of three parts, namely the coastal island of Gam and Mansuar, coastal Batanta Island and Coastal Salawati Island, with an area of ​​336,000 hectares. Dampier Strait MPA attracts many large fish including sharks, skipjack, tuna...

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Ayau Asia MPA

Ayau Asia Marine Protected Area (MPA) is located at the very northern tip of Raja Ampat with an area of ​​101,440 ha. Ayau Asia MPA consists of a massive coral reef bank and atoll, with surrounding islands. Ayau is known for having the largest grouper spawning site in Eastern Indonesia, and p...

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West Waigeo National MPA

The West Waigeo Suaka Alam Perairan (SAP), which stands for West waigeo Nature Marine Reserve, is a national Marine Protected Area (MPA) that includes Sayang and Piai Islands and the Wayag island group. This MPA is located in the northwest of Raja Ampat, adjacent to the Halmahera sea, and co...

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Mayalibit Bay MPA

Mayalibit Bay Marine Protected Area (MPA) has an area of ​​53,100 hectares and almost splits the island of Waigeo into two parts. Mayalibit Bay has vast mangrove and seagrass habitats, with seagrass spreading across 70m from the edge of the mangrove forest to the coast. Although the percentag...

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Misool MPA

Misool Marine Protected Area (MPA) is the largest and most southerly of the Raja Ampat MPA Network and in the Coral Triangle - the world's center of marine biodiversity. The MPA stretches across ​​366 000 hectares, and encompasses a cluster of islands composed of ancient limestone, m...

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Kofiau MPA

Kofiau Marine Protected Area (MPA) in south Raja Ampat has an area of ​​170,000 hectares and includes islands, coasts and ocean inhabited by diverse marine life and coral reefs. Kofiau MPA is located within the Coral Triangle and is regionally significant for marine mammals, including killer ...

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Raja Ampat National MPA

Officially termed the Suaka Alam Perairan (SAP) Raja Ampat, which stands for Raja Ampat Nature Marine Reserve, this is the national Marine Protected Area (MPA) endorsed in 2014 by the Indonesian Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries under the ministerial decree Number 63 / KEPMEN-K...

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